One frequently asked question regarding our electric bikes revolves around the achievable distance you can cover with your eBike. Answering this question can be challenging, even for experts in electric bikes, due to the numerous variables that either enhance or reduce the battery range on an eBike.

When addressing questions about eBike range, it's common for riders to hastily compare performance with other bikes. However, such comparisons can be misleading and unhelpful. Bikes with varying battery capacities, motors, and controllers may deliver power differently. Even if the nominal wattage of the motor is the same, differences in peak wattage and controller output can impact the range dramatically. 

Additionally, PAS (Pedal Assist System) settings differ, and a bike's "Level 1" settings may not align with another bike model. 

Various factors contribute to differences, including total weight (bike, rider, cargo), frame style, and tire size, all influencing range. Moreover, the bikes being ridden by different individuals introduce variables such as riding style, throttle usage, PAS selection, and pedal output, all significant factors in determining range. Even comparing two bikes of the same model ridden by different riders can yield varied results due to these influencing factors.

By understanding how Ride1Up tests for estimated range and how other factors can impact your bike's range, you can get a better idea of the range capabilities of your bike for your specific riding style, environment, and bike configuration.

How We Test:

  • 100% charged battery, 160 lbs rider, 
  • Tuned bike 
  • Good weather, 60-80°F
  • Flat road terrain
  • PAS 1 only (no throttle).

If you are outside these parameters, then your range will vary from our range estimates.

Note: Cold weather will drastically affect the available range of a battery. This will correct itself during warmer weather.

How You Can Test:

If you are curious about your battery's range performance, it may be best to self-test your battery range. 

Charge the bike to 100% 

The charger's LED should turn from red to green when charging is complete. 

It is best to cycle (drain and recharge) the battery 3-5 times to reach maximum capacity before self-testing the range of your battery.

Ride in the lowest PAS level.

Ride the bike until it powers down to determine full range. 

This is best accomplished by draining the final amount close to home!

You also have the option to repeat the range test using various PAS levels, utilizing either the throttle alone or a combination of throttle and PAS. This will assist in assessing your actual range in real-world conditions, considering factors such as your riding style, environment, and bike configuration.

Range Factors:

Rider weight and extra cargo

Factors such as the weight of the rider and additional cargo also play a significant role in influencing the battery range of an eBike.

A rider's increased weight places greater demand on the battery; which results in higher energy consumption and reduced travel distance. The same goes for any additional cargo attached to the eBike - every pound carried adds to the overall energy expenditure.


The presence of hills, especially steeper ones, along your route accelerates the depletion of your battery, resulting in a reduced range. The increased effort required to ascend steep inclines places a greater demand on the battery, leading to a faster rate of energy consumption and, consequently, a decrease in overall range. 

In contrast, on flat and even terrain, the energy expenditure is considerably lower, benefiting from the momentum generated by the bike's speed.

Stops and Starts

Like driving a car, frequent stops and starts consume a substantial amount of energy. In urban commuting, especially in busy cities with constantly changing traffic lights and stop signs, this is unavoidable. To optimize battery life, consider switching to a lower gear when starting rather than using the highest assistance level. While this may slightly delay your start, it can have a significant positive impact on the overall battery range. In addition, using the throttle to start to power the bicycle is one of the least efficient ways to use the bicycle. By using leg power to start from a stop, riders can dramatically increase their range. 

Tire Pressure

Maintaining proper tire pressure is something that people sometimes overlook. Low tire pressure can significantly deplete your battery as the motor has to exert more effort to maintain speed. To ensure an efficient and smooth ride while prolonging tire life, it's essential to keep your tires inflated to the correct pressure. 

Optimizing tire pressure within the recommended range, particularly on the higher side, enhances your battery's range. Keeping your tires adequately inflated contributes to improved energy efficiency and, consequently, extends the distance your battery can cover on a charge.

See this article for more information on tire air pressure. 


Aerodynamics plays a crucial role in battery range. If your bike has a comfort-style frame and you ride in a more upright position, accelerating and maintaining high speeds can be more challenging. Additionally, riding into a headwind impacts the bike's range, as your motor exerts extra effort to maintain speed against the resistance of the wind.


Cold weather can significantly impact the available range of a battery, particularly in winter conditions experienced in the northern regions of the US and Canada. This effect tends to improve in warmer weather. Batteries are sensitive to extreme temperatures, whether hot or cold, and the best range is typically achieved in mild temperatures. Riders in southern regions of the US, for instance, may experience better battery performance compared to those in colder climates.

Surface Conditions

Smooth surfaces like asphalt facilitate greater travel distances compared to gravel or off-road paths. The nature of the terrain directly influences the energy efficiency of the eBike, with smoother surfaces providing an advantage in terms of distance covered.

The Motor

High-powered motors consume more energy, leading to a faster depletion of available battery power. The use of throttle, higher levels of PAS (Pedal Assist System), Off-Road Mode, or Boost mode intensifies the drain on the battery, resulting in a quicker reduction of battery charge.

Using the correct gear (if equipped)

A common mistake among new eBike owners is relying solely on electric assistance and neglecting to switch gears. Choosing the appropriate gear is crucial for conserving battery power. It's important to recognize that an electric bike operates similarly to a traditional one, with assistance aimed at making pedaling easier. Gearing should be adjusted based on different terrains – higher gears for high speeds on flat or downhill surfaces, where you should feel pedal pressure (torque) for optimal performance. When approaching a hill with increased assistance, staying in a higher gear can lead to faster battery depletion. Switching to a lower gear makes climbing hills easier. Therefore, staying mindful of elevations and speed and adjusting gears accordingly is highly recommended to optimize your battery’s range. If you are new to the sport or coming back to it after some time, the following video can help introduce you to correct gear usage: How To Use Your Gears On A Bike.

Bike Tuning

A properly tuned eBike promotes efficient motor performance, minimizes resistance, and ensures all components work harmoniously. These factors collectively contribute to an enhanced range by making the most of the available battery power.

Proper tuning contributes to a smoother ride, minimizing unnecessary friction and resistance. Reduced friction means less energy is required, leading to improved battery efficiency and an extended range.

Brake drag, even in its slightest form, can contribute to a loss of range. Any amount of brake rubbing harms the efficiency of your eBike, affecting the overall distance it can cover on a single charge.

Routine maintenance, including checking tire pressure, brake adjustments, lubricating moving parts, and ensuring all components are in good condition, contributes to the overall efficiency of the eBike. A well-maintained bike is more likely to deliver an extended range. For a complete maintenance schedule for your ebike, please see this article: